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Sunday, March 9, 2008

Safe sex

Safe sex means that precautions during sex that prevent you always sexually transmitted diseases (STD), or from which an STD to your partner. These diseases include genital, genital warts, HIV, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, hepatitis B and C, and others.

An STD is a contagious disease that points to another person through sexual intercourse or other sexual contact. Many of the organisms that sexually transmitted diseases to live on the penis, vagina, anus, mouth, skin and the environment.

Most of the diseases are transmitted through direct contact with a sore on the genitals or in the mouth. But some organisms can be transmitted in body fluids without a visible wound. You can access another person during oral, vaginal or anal sexual intercourse.

Some sexually transmitted diseases can also through nonsexual contact with infected tissues or fluids, such as blood infected. For example in the use of needle exchange IV drugs is a major cause of HIV and hepatitis B transmission. An STD may also through contaminated blood transfusions and blood products, through the placenta from mother to the fetus, and sometimes through breast-feeding.

The following factors increase the risk of a sexually transmitted disease (STD):

* Not knowing whether a partner has an STD or not
* After a partner with a history of STD
* Second Sex without a male or female condom
* With drugs or alcohol in a situation where sex can occur,
* If your partner is an IV drug user
* After the anal

Drinking of alcohol or drugs on the increased likelihood that you will participate in high-risk sex. In addition, some diseases can be transmitted through the sharing of used needles and other drug paraphernalia.

Abstinence is an absolute answer to the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. However, abstinence is not always practical or desirable option.

In addition to abstinence, the least risky approach is a monogamous sexual relationship with someone that you know, free from any STD. Ideally, before he sex with a new partner, each of you should for sexually transmitted diseases, especially HIV and hepatitis B, and the test results with one another.

Use of condoms to avoid contact with semen, vaginal fluids, or blood. Both male and female condoms to reduce the chance or an STD. However, condoms must be used:

* The condom should be in a position from the beginning till the end of sexual activity and should be used every time you have sex.
* Lubricants may help, the chance of a condom break. Use only water-based lubricants, because oil or oil-based lubricants kind can cause latex to weaken and tear. Do NOT use condoms with nonoxynol-9 -- to prevent pregnancy, but the chance of HIV transmission.
* Use latex condoms for vaginal, anal and oral traffic.
* Please note that there are still sexually transmitted diseases can be distributed, even if you have a condom, a condom, because not on the surrounding skin. But definitely a condom reduces the risk.

Here are additional steps safe sex:

* Know your partner. Before he sex, first a committed relationship, the trust and open communication. You should be able to discuss past sexual histories, any previous sexually transmitted diseases or IV drug use. You should not feel coerced or forced into sex.
* Stay sober. Alcohol and drugs affect your judgment, communication skills and the ability to ensure proper use of condoms or lubricant.
* Be responsible. If you have an STD, such as HIV or herpes, advise all prospective sexual partners. Let him or her to decide what to do. If you are on each other in sexual activity, use of latex condoms and other measures to protect the partners.
* If pregnant, meet. If you have an STD, you will learn more about the risk to the child before he pregnant. Ask your ISP how to prevent the fetus from the infected. HIV-positive women should not breast-feed her child.

In summary, safe sex requires prior planning and good communication between the partners. Given the fact that couples can enjoy the delights of a sexual relationship, while reducing potential risks.